San Xavier Cooperative Association Farm Rehabilitation Chronology

1982 October – The Southern Arizona Water Settlement Act (SAWRSA) is passed by Congress. Sec. 303(a)(1)(B) provides that the Secretary of Interior through the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) shall “improve and extend the existing irrigation system on the San Xavier Reservation” for distribution of Central Arizona Project (CAP) water.

1983    A flood on the Santa Cruz River erodes about 80 acres of land on its banks south of the San Xavier Road Bridge.

1984 October – The Papago Tribe hires Franzoy & Corey Engineers to plan and design the San Xavier Cooperative Association Farm, the Eastern Schuk Toak Farm and the new tribal farm at San Xavier.

1986 October – San Xavier Cooperative Board approves Alternative #3 as the preferred farm rehabilitation plan.

1987 May - San Xavier Cooperative Board approves the San Xavier Co-op Farm rehabilitation plan. (TOLC Resolution #218-87)

1987 June – Tohono O’odham Legislative Council approves the Co-op Farm rehabilitation plan

1988 June – Environmental Assessment (EA) on the farm rehabilitation project is completed.

1988 July –BOR issues a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) on the EA.

1988 December - The Legislative Council directs the Nation’s Chairman and Water Resources Committee to begin negotiations for the construction of the CAP Link Pipeline for the delivery of water to the Farm. (TOLC Resolution #349-88). Co-op Board Resolution #12-88-01 authorized the Nation to negotiate for the Pipeline on its behalf.

1990 August – The Co-op Board sent a letter to BOR stating their concerns regarding delays with SAWRSA projects including the farm rehabilitation. BOR replied that the Nation was planning to move forward with the design modifications associated with farm rehab. construction clauses and scope of work were also being finalized.

1991 Summer – Co-op begins farming again with 1.5 acres of traditional crops.

1991 October – The Nation terminates the Franzoy & Corey Engineers’ contract. (According to TOLC Resolution Resolution #91-487,the Nation became aware in 1989 that F&C engaged in work not authorized under the contract. The Nation tried to resolve this issue with ratifications. However in May 1991, F&C refused to sign a mutual release of liability. This led to the termination.)

1991 November – The Legislative Council approves the Nation’s Water Projects Office implementation Plan to continue the scope of work for the San Xavier Co-op farm rehabilitation and Schuk Toak District farm (TOLC Resolution #91-537).

1992 October - Congress passed the SAWRSA Technical Amendments. This restored the Sec. 313 Cooperative Fund and provided that the delivery costs associated with the sale, exchange or temporary disposition of CAP water to be excluded from the Arizona’s repayment for the CAP delivery system. San Xavier District, the Co-op Board and the Allottees Association did not support these Amendments and also did not support the Nation’s proposed water lease to the City of Tucson.

1992 October – San Xavier Co-op began rehabilitation of three wells on the Farm.

1993 January – A flood equivalent to a 100-year flood eroded 45 acres of farmland on the banks of the Santa Cruz River.

1993 February – The Nation submits a contract proposal to BOR for farm rehabilitation and bank stabilization at the Co-op Farm and the new farm plan/design at Schuk Toak. BOR would not approve the contract without support from the Co-op Board and San Xavier District Council. Nation Chairman Sylvester Listo requested support, but the San Xavier parties did not support the proposal.

1993 Summer – Nine acres of traditional crops are planted.

1993 September – San Xavier parties met with Mr. Michael Jackson, an aide to Senator John McCain, in Washington D.C. The Co-op representatives presented a map showing sinkholes that developed in the Farm area. This was presented as a reason that farm rehabilitation work should be implemented.

1993 October – Mr. Jackson toured the Co-op Farm to see the sinkholes and bank erosion.

1994 June – The Legislative Council approves a Memorandum of Agreement between the BOR, San Xavier District and the Nation for sinkhole and bank stabilization studies.  (TOLC Resolution 94-245)

1995 February – The BOR completes a report that describes the conceptual design for bank stabilization.

1995 December – The Co-op requests and receives a loan from the San Xavier District to continue farming operations.

1996 January – The Co-op Board approves the construction of temporary bank protection on the West bank of the Santa Cruz River to further prevent erosion of farmlands and cultural resources.

1996 April – Construction of a temporary bank stabilization on the Santa Cruz River is completed. A monitoring well was also installed in the River to measure water levels.

1996 – The sinkhole study by the U.S. Geological is completed.

1997 June – The Legislative Council supports bank stabilization construction on the Santa Cruz River (TOLC Resolution #97-013).

1997 July – BOR completes the final design for bank stabilization construction that will consist of a dike in the Santa Cruz riverbed.

1998 January – A sinkhole repair test was performed on two sinkholes with sand and soil fills.

1998 May – The Legislative Council approved that the Co-op would be the entity to perform bank stabilization maintenance on the Santa Cruz River.Equipment would be purchased for this purpose and for farm rehab work. An equipment building would also be constructed (TOLC Resolution #98-187).

1998 May – The Legislative Council granted authority to the San Xavier District to perform  review, planning and final design for the CAP Link Pipeline (the pipeline that brings CAP water to the Farm from the Reach 6 CAP Pipeline at Pima Mine Road) and the design, review and implementation of the Co-op Farm Rehabilitation (TOLC Resolution #98-188). This was later refined in 2000 by Resolution #2000-349. This work would be accomplished through P.L. 93-638 contracts.

1998 May – The Co-op requests and receives funding from the Nation’s SAWRSA Trust Fund in the amount of $329,000 for field leveling of 100 acres, ditch repair, gate and port installation [to match the cost share grant received by the Co-op from the USDA Environmental Incentives Program (EQIP)]; mesquite project; well rehabilitation; and equipment purchase (TOLC Resolution #98-190).

1998 July – Bank stabilization construction is completed.

1998 – The Farm planted 36 acres of alfalfa and traditional crops.

1999 – The Farm planted 83 acres of alfalfa and 7 acres of traditional crops. In addition, 136 acres were leveled and 3,352 feet of ditch were repaired.

1999 September – Clearing begins on the CAP Link Pipeline right-of-way.

1999 - BOR prepares the design for the equipment maintenance building.

2000 March – The Co-op requested and received $1 million from the SAWRSA Trust Fund for farm operations, farm rehabilitation planning, and construction of hay storage facilities, straw bale building demonstration project, and a traditional garden project. (TOLC Resolution # 2000-126)

2001 March – The CAP Link Pipeline is completed.

2001 June – WestLand Resources, Inc. is hired as the consultant for the farm rehabilitation.  Work will include collection and evaluation of existing data;making recommendations for farm parameters, irrigation system and cropping patterns, and farm development alternatives, hydrology, farm organization; and an economic analysis.

2002 Summer – A pilot project to determine the effects of CAP water on traditional crops was implemented. An irrigation system was installed and crops planted. The results showed that CAP had no effect.

2002 August – Groundbreaking is held for the equipment maintenance building.

2002 August – The Co-op Board selected Alternative 1 layout as the preferred alternative. The layout consists of center pivot irrigation and flood irrigation systems.

2003 January – Equipment purchased for bank stabilization maintenance and farm work is delivered, and includes a front-end loader, grader, trailer and dump truck.

2003 May – WestLand Resources submits draft reports for the tasks required under thecontract, which terminated May 30, 2003.

2003 May – Preparation begins for installation of a pilot center pivot irrigation system in field #31.

2003 July – BOR begins farm rehabilitation construction design work.

2003 July – Construction of the equipment maintenance building is completed.

2003 August – Floods damaged 55 acres of alfalfa, ditches and roads.

2004 January – Center pivot irrigation system in field #31 is completed.

2004 February – BOR submits 30% completion of the farm rehabilitation construction design.

2004 February – Alfalfa riser installation begins on field #49 on the eastside of I-19.

2004 May – Co-op Board requests changes from center pivots to flood irrigation for the Farm irrigation system.

2005 September – Barnard Construction was awarded the farm rehab construction work.

2005 November – BOR Review Team begins economic analysis of the Farm.

2006 February – Barnard begins farm rehab construction. Expected completion date is April or May 2007.

2006 February – BOR submits draft economic analysis report.

2006 June – The following Farm construction work is completed: concrete removal, tree trimming and removal, field leveling, flood control channels, flood control berms and West Branch of the Santa Cruz River structures, new culverts for San Xavier Road at the West branch, and pipeline from the south end of the Farm to San Xavier Road.

2006 December – Irrigation system for the north and south fields is completed, as well as fencing for the Farm headquarters and some of the fields.

2006 December – The Co-op requested approval of a carryover of $40,222.66 and additional funding of $365,009.67 from the SAWRSA Trust Fund. This was approved (TOLC Resolution #06-806).

2007 April – The Co-op requested and received funding from the SAWRSA Trust Fund for operational and equipment costs in the amount of $239,074.39 (TOLC Resolution #07-208).

2007 April – Farm rehabilitation is completed and includes: construction of a Farm pipeline system, pressure reducing stations, alfalfa risers, flood control structures, and leveling of fields. Total cost: $31 million.

2007 October – 650 acres of alfalfa and 30 acres of Bermuda grass were planted.

2008 January - $3.6 million in working capital was received from the SAWRSA Trust Fund as authorized by the Interim Allottee Water Rights Code, Title II Implementation Provisions Regarding SAWRSA, Section 4103.

2008 April – Grand opening for the completed Farm rehabilitation.

2009 August – Farm administration, kitchen and meeting room buildings were completed.
Revised 7/21/15